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:: Volume 4, Issue 4 (3-2016) ::
مدیریت پرستاری 2016, 4(4): 9-17 Back to browse issues page
Analysis of Clause 1 of Article 496 of the Penal Code of the Islamic Republic of Iran (2013) about the legal liabilities of nurses
Mosayeb Mozafari * , Sanaz Aazami
Ilam University of Medical Science , mozafaric@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (11130 Views)


Introduction: The importance of preserving life, maintaining patients’ health as well as supporting fair and ethical functions of health care worker call for determining legislations that clarify terms, responsibilities and obligations of physicians and nurses. Within the former Iran Penal Code physician was known as the absolute guarantor, contrary to the presumption of innocence.

The new Penal Code (1392-2013) has allocated 4 material (158, 495, 496, and 497) to set up rules governing the work of physicians and nurses and their responsibilities. The absolute physician’s responsibilities have been degraded in the new Penal Code. For example, the clause 1 of Article 496, which is discussed in this article, nurse is recognized as the absolute guarantor in the case of patient harm resulting from physician errors that was done by informed nurses. Mandate expressed in the clause 1 of Article 496, may cause tensions, dereliction of medical orders by nurses, serious complications for patients' health and lead to job insecurity nursing profession. In this article, we discussed about clause 1 of Article 496 to understand it and recommend solutions for the future.

Keywords: Iran penal code (2013), Nurse Liabilities, Clause 1 of Article 496
Full-Text [PDF 246 kb]   (12071 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/12/28 | Accepted: 2016/01/9 | Published: 2016/10/10
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Mozafari M, Aazami S. Analysis of Clause 1 of Article 496 of the Penal Code of the Islamic Republic of Iran (2013) about the legal liabilities of nurses. مدیریت پرستاری 2016; 4 (4) :9-17
URL: http://ijnv.ir/article-1-384-en.html

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Volume 4, Issue 4 (3-2016) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مدیریت پرستاری Quarterly Journal of Nursing Management
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