[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
For Authors::
For Reviewers::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Search in website

Advanced Search
Receive site information
Enter your Email in the following box to receive the site news and information.
:: Volume 5, Issue 2 (7-2016) ::
مدیریت پرستاری 2016, 5(2): 44-50 Back to browse issues page
Self-compassion in critical care nurses
Somayeh Mohammady1 , Fariba Borhani2 , Mostafa Roshanzadeh *
1- shahrecord university of medical science
2- Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Birjand, , Medical Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Mroshanzadeh62@gmail.com
Abstract:   (7225 Views)
Introduction: Clinical settings due to their inherent nature can be stressful and challenging, which may result in depression, anxiety and job dissatisfaction among critical care nurses. One of the factors that, in many cases, can play a supporting role and assures quality care is self-compassion.
Aim: This study aimed to assess self-compassion in critical care nurses.
Method: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 181 critical nurses (ICU, CCU, NICU and Dialysis) from hospitals in South Khorasan province in 2017. Nurses were selected by convenience sampling method. Data were collected with Neff’s Self-Compassion Questionnaire (2003) and its internal consistency was (α= 0.81). Data analyzed by descriptive (mean, standard deviation, frequency and relative frequency) and inferential (t-test, ANOVA and Pearson’s coefficient of correlation) statistics.
Results: Mean level (3.86±0.67) of self-compassion was moderate. There was a significant correlation between self-compassion and age, experience years, sex as well as educational level (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Nurse Managers should facilitate understanding and insight to self-compassion in nurses to gain a better attitude toward events of work environment. By this they would be used self- compassion for dealing job stresses.
Keywords: critical nurses, self-compassion, work environment
Full-Text [PDF 274 kb]   (4181 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/09/15 | Accepted: 2017/05/27 | Published: 2017/06/24
1. MacBeth A, Gumley A. Exploring compassion: A meta-analysis of the association between self-compassion & psychopathology. Clinical Psychology Review 2012; 32: 545–552. [DOI:10.1016/j.cpr.2012.06.003]
2. Mohammadi S, Borhani F, Roshanzadeh M. Moral distress and compassion fatigue in patient care: a correlational study on nurses. Iranian Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine 2014;7(2):47-57. [Persian]
3. Kelley R. Mindfulness, self-compassion, and empathy among health care professionals: a review of the literature. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy, 2014; 20(3):95-108. [DOI:10.1080/08854726.2014.913876]
4. Van Dam NT, Sheppard SC, Forsyth JP, Earleywine JP. Self-compassion is a better predictor than mindfulness of symptom severity and quality of life in mixed anxiety and depression. Journal of Anxiexy Diseale 2011; 25:123-130. [DOI:10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.08.011]
5. Breines JG, Thoma MV, Gianferante D, Hanlin L, Chen X, Rohleder N. Self-compassion as a predictor of interleukin-6 response to acute psychosocial stress. Brain, Behavior and Immunity 2014; 37: 109–114. [DOI:10.1016/j.bbi.2013.11.006]
6. Breines JG, Chen S. Self-compassion increases self-improvement motivation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 2012; 38(1):1133–1143. [DOI:10.1177/0146167212445599]
7. Arch JJ, Brown KW, Dean DJ, Landy LN, Brown KD, Laudenslager ML. Self-compassion training modulates alpha-amylase, heart rate variability, and subjective responses to social evaluative threat in women. Psycho neuroendocrinology 2014;42(2): 49–58. [DOI:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.12.018]
8. Basharpoor S, Khosravinia D, Atadokht A, Daneshvar S, Narimani M, Massah O. The Role of Self-compassion, Cognitive Self-control, and Illness Perception in Predicting Craving in People With Substance Dependency. Practice in clinical psychology 2014; 2(3): 155-194. [Persian]
9. Baker LR, McNulty JK. Self-compassion and rela‌tionship maintenance: The moderating roles of conscientious‌ness and gender. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2011; 100(5): 853–873. [DOI:10.1037/a0021884]
10. Abbaszadeh A, Nakhaei N, Borhani F, Roshanzadeh M. The relationship between moral distress and retention in nurses in Birjand teaching hospitals. Iran Journal of Medical Ethicsal History Medicine 2013; 6 (2):57-66. [Persian]
11. Shapiro S, Astin J, Bishop S, Cordova M. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for health care professionals: Results from a randomized trial. International Journal of Stress Management 2005; 12(2): 164–176. [DOI:10.1037/1072-5245.12.2.164]
12. Kret DD. The qualities of a compassionate nurse according to the perceptions of medical-surgical patients. MEDSURG Nursing 2011; 20(1): 29–36.
13. Gustin LW, Wagner L. The butterfly effect of caring-clinical nursing teachers' understanding of self-compassion as a source to compassionate care. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences 2013; 27(1): 175–183. [DOI:10.1111/j.1471-6712.2012.01033.x]
14. Leary MR, Tate EB, Allen AB, Adams CE, Hancock J. Self -compassion and reactions to unpleasant self-relevant events: The implications of treating oneself kindly. Journal of personality and social psychology 2007; 92(5): 884- 907. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.92.5.887]
15. Kret DD. The qualities of a compassionate nurse according to the perceptions of medical-surgical patients. MEDSURG Nursing 2011;20(1): 29–36.
16. Breines JG, Chen S. Self-compassion increases self-improvement motivation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 2012; 38(3):1133–1143. [DOI:10.1177/0146167212445599]
17. Leech NL, Onwuegbuzie AJ. A typology of mixed methods research designs. Qual Quant. 2009; 43(2):265–75. [DOI:10.1007/s11135-007-9105-3]
18. Neff KD. The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity 2003; 2(3): 223–250. [DOI:10.1080/15298860309027]
19. Neff KD, Pommier E. The relationship between self-compassion and other-focused concern among college undergraduates, community adults, and practicing mediators. Self and Identity 2013; 12(2): 160–176. [DOI:10.1080/15298868.2011.649546]
20. Germer CK, Neff KD. Self-compassion in clinical practice. Journal of Clinical Psychology 2013; 69(8): 1–12. [DOI:10.1002/jclp.22021]
21. Barnard LK, Curry JF. Self-compassion: Conceptualizations, correlates, & interventions. Review of General Psychology 2011;15: 289–303. [DOI:10.1037/a0025754]
22. Heffernan M, Quinn Griffin MT, McNulty R, Fitzpatrick JJ. Self-compassion and emotional intelligence in nurses. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2010;16(4): 366–373. [DOI:10.1111/j.1440-172X.2010.01853.x]
23. Keng SL, Smoski MJ, Robins C, Ekblad AG, Brantley JG. Mechanisms of change in mindfulness-based stress reduction: Self-compassion and mindfulness as mediators of intervention outcomes. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy 2012; 26(3): 270–280. [DOI:10.1891/0889-8391.26.3.270]
24. Gilbert P, Procter S. Compassionate mind training for people with high shame and self-criticism: Overview and pilot study of a group therapy approach. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy 2006;13(6): 353–379. [DOI:10.1002/cpp.507]
25. Shapira LB, Mongrain M. The benefits of self-compassion and optimismexercises for individuals vulnerable to depression. The Journal of Positive Psychology 2010; 5(5): 377–389. [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2010.516763]
26. Figley CR. Compassion fatigue: Psychotherapists' chronic lack of self- care. Journal of Clinical Psychology 2002; 58(11):1433–1441. [DOI:10.1002/jclp.10090]
27. Vetesse LC, Dyer CE, Li WL, Wekerle C. Does self-compassion mitigate the association between childhood maltreatment and later emotional regulation difficulties? A preliminary investigation. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 2011; 9(2): 480–491. [DOI:10.1007/s11469-011-9340-7]
28. Raes F. Rumination and worry as mediators of the relationship between self-compassion and depression and anxiety. Personality and Individual Differences 2010; 48(1): 757–761. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2010.01.023]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mohammady S, Borhani F, Roshanzadeh M. Self-compassion in critical care nurses. مدیریت پرستاری 2016; 5 (2) :44-50
URL: http://ijnv.ir/article-1-445-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 5, Issue 2 (7-2016) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مدیریت پرستاری Quarterly Journal of Nursing Management
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.07 seconds with 37 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652