[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 6, Issue 3 And 4 (2-2018) ::
مدیریت پرستاری 2018, 6(3 And 4): 78-87 Back to browse issues page
Prediction of psychological well-being based on empathy and self-compassion among nurses
Hiva Mahmoodi , Esmaeil Soleymani
Assistant Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Golestan University, Gorgan , Iran
Abstract:   (77 Views)
Introduction: Nurses working in different parts of the hospital are more exposed to mental health because of more severe working conditions, so it is imperative to identify the variables that contribute to psychological well-being.
Aim: The purpose of this study was to predict psychological well-being based on empathy and self-compassion in Boukan city (2016) nurses.
Material & Method: This study was descriptive correlational. The statistical population included all nurses working at Boukan hospitals (N = 318). The sample size was 200 nurses (110 female & 90 male) selected by available sampling method. The research tools were Davis's empathy questionnaire (1983), self-compassion of Neff (2003) and psychological well-being of Ryff (1980). By
Alpha- Cronbach the reliability was (0.75, 0.81 and 0.71)
respectively.   The data analysis methods were Pearson Correlation Coefficient and Stepwise Regression. Data analyzed by SPSS 21
Results: The results showed that there is a positive and
significant relationship between empathy and self-compassion with psychological well-being (P ≤ 0.01). Regression results showed that empathy with beta coefficient (0.56) was more than self-compassion with beta coefficient (0.49) on nurses'
psychological well-being. Also among empathic components, the empathic concern was the highest with beta coefficient (0.40) and among self-compassion components the common feeling of isolation versus beta coefficient (0.42) had the greatest impact on psychological well-being.
Conclusion: It is necessary to increase empathy and self-
compassion in nurses during education and work by head nurses will positive effect on their psychological well-being.
Keywords: psychological well-being, empathy, self-compassion, nurses
Full-Text [PDF 302 kb]   (19 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/11/21 | Accepted: 2018/05/5 | Published: 2018/05/5
1. Pisanti R, Vanderdoef M, Maes S, Lazzari D, Bertini M. Job characteristics, organizational conditions, and distress/well-being among Italian and Dutch nurses: a cross-national comparison. International Nursing Studies, 2011; 48 (7): 829-37. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2010.12.006]
2. Friborg O, Barlaug D. Resilience in relation to personality and intelligence. International Journal of Methods of Psychiatry Research, 2005; 14(1): 29-2. [DOI:10.1002/mpr.15]
3. Bauer. J., & Mulder. R. H. Upward feedback and its contribution to employs feeling of psychological well-being. Journal of Work Plays Learning, 2010;18(7/8). 509-515.
4. Ryff CD. (1989). Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,1989; 57: 1069-81. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.57.6.1069]
5. Keyes, C.L. The mental health continuum: From languishing to flourishing in life. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 2002; 43, 208-221. [DOI:10.2307/3090197]
6. Diener, E. & Biswas-Diner, R. Happiness: Unlocking the mysteries of psychological wealth. Blackwell-Wiley. Journal of positive psychology. 2008; 4. 500- 510. [DOI:10.1002/9781444305159]
7. Neff, K. D. The development and validation of a scale to measure self-compassion. Self and Identity, 2003; 2, 223–250. [DOI:10.1080/15298860309027]
8. Neff, K. D. Self-compassion. In M. R. Leary & R. H. Hoyle (Ends), Handbook of individual differences in social behavior (2009). New York: Guilford Press.
9. Gilbert, P., & Procter, S. Compassionate mind training for people with high shame and self-criticism: A pilot study of a group therapy approach. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2006;13(6), 353–379. [DOI:10.1002/cpp.507]
10. Neff, K. D., Kirkpatrick, K. L., & Rude, S. S. Investigating the relationship between self-compassion and psychological well-being. Journal of Research In Clinical Psychology, 2007; 41(1), 139-154.
11. Neely. M. E., Schallert, D. L., Mohammed, S. S., Roberts, R. M., & Chen, Y.-J. Self-kindness when facing stress: The role of self-compassion, goal regulation, and support in college students' well-being. Motivation Emotio, 2009; 33, 88–97. doi: 10.1007/s11031-008-9119-8. [DOI:10.1007/s11031-008-9119-8]
12. Van Dam, N.T. Sheppard, S.C. Forsyth, J. P. & Earleywine, M. Self-compassion is a better predictor than mindfulness of symptom severity and quality of life in mixed anxiety and depression. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 2011; 25(1), 123-130. [DOI:10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.08.011]
13. Klimecki, O., & Singer, T. Empathic distress fatigue rather than compassion fatigue. Integrating findings from empathy research in psychology and social neuroscience. In B. Oakley, A. Knafo, G. Madhavan, & D. S. Wilson (Eds.), Pathological altruism. 2011; New York: Oxford University Press. [DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0253]
14. Neff, K. D., Pommier, E. The relationship between self-compassion and other focused concern among college undergraduates, community adults, and practicing meditators. Self and Identity, 2013; 12(2), 160-176. doi: 10.1080/15298868.2011.649546. [DOI:10.1080/15298868.2011.649546]
15. Poulin, M. J., Brown, S. L., Dillard, A. J., & Smith, D. M. Giving to others and the association between stress and mortality. American Journal of Public Health, 2013; 103(9), 1649–1655. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2012.300876. [DOI:10.2105/AJPH.2012.300876]
16. Gustin, L. W., & Wagner, L. The butterfly effect of caring – clinical nursing teachers' understanding of self-compassion as a source to compassionate care. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 2013; 27(1), 175–183. doi: 10.1111/j.1471- 6712.2012.01033.x.
17. Mills J, Wand T, Fraser JA. On self-compassion and self-care in nursing: selfish or essential for compassionate care?, International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2015;52(4):791-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.10.009. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2014.10.009]
18. Sterayer JA. Conceptual definition of empathy. Issues Mental Health Nursing, 1995; 16(6): 555-66.
19. Isabel, L. Empathy and recognition of facial expression of emotion index offenders, non-sex offenders and normal controls. Psychiatry Research. 2009; 165: 252-262. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2007.11.006]
20. Epstein, R.M., Hadee, T., Carroll, J., Meldrum, S.C., Lardner, J., & Shields, C.G. Could this be something
21. Internal Medicine, 2007; 22(12); 1731–1739. doi: 10.1007/s11606-007-0416-9. [DOI:10.1007/s11606-007-0416-9]
22. Singer.FH & Leiber, Y. The relationship between empathy with psychological well-being in nursing society. Journal of Personality & Socio Psychology. 2009; 7 (5): 506-515.
23. Joana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia & Bárbara Cruz. Relationships between nurses' empathy, self-compassion and dimensions of professional quality of life: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Nursing Studies. 2016; 60: 1–11 [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2016.02.015]
24. Shakirinia, A. (2010). The Relationship between Ethical Distress, Psychological Hardiness and Burnout in Nurses in Rasht, Journal of Medical Ethics and History, Vol. 4, 56-69.
25. Garcia D. (2011). Two models of personality and well-being among adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences; 50:1208–12. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2011.02.009]
26. Davis MH. (1983). The effects of dispositional empathy on emotional reactions and helping: A multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality. 1983; 51(2), 167-184. [DOI:10.1111/j.1467-6494.1983.tb00860.x]
27. Arefi, M. Presenting a causal model for social function based on the theory of mind with the mediation of mechanistic and empathic beliefs. Unpublished Resource. [PhD Theses]. Educational Psychology: Shiraz University, 2006 [Persian].
28. Abolqasemi, A. Taghi Pourm, A. Narimani M. The relationship between personality type D, self-compassion and social support with health behaviors in coronary heart disease patients, Health Psychology.2012; 1(1): 5 -19. [Persian].
29. Bayani, Muhammad Kuchiki, AS. Goodarzi, H. Study of the relationship between psychological well-being and general health among students of Islamic Azad University, AzadShahr Branch, Journal of Knowledge and Research in Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, Isfahan. 2006; (35 / 36): 164-153.
30. Rieffe, C., Ketelear, L., & Wiefferink, C. H. Assessing empathy in young children: construction and validation of an empathy questionnaire (Em Que). Personality and Individual Differences.2010; 49(5), 362-367. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2010.03.046]
31. Bahadori M, Raadabadi M, Teymourzadeh E, Yaghoubi M. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Herzberg Job Motivation Model for workers in the military health organizations of Iran. Journal of Military Medicine. 2015;17(2):65-71.
32. Johansson GW. Communication between nurse and patient during ventilator treatment: patient reports and RN evaluations. Intensive Critical Care Nursing. 2012; 17: 29-39. [DOI:10.1054/iccn.2000.1547]
33. Larson EB, Yao X. Clinical empathy as emotional labor in the patient-physician relationship. JAMA 2005; 293(9): 1100-6. [DOI:10.1001/jama.293.9.1100]
34. Bafgeri F, Akbarizadeh F, Hatami H. The relationship between nurses' spiritual intelligence and happiness in Iran. Procedia-Social Behavioral Sciences 2010; 5: 1556-61. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.325]
35. Martin HM, Bryan NA. Self-compassion relation among nurses with psychological well-being. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 2011, 58 (2): 272-278.
36. Dijkstra, P., & Barelds, D. P. H. Self-compassion effect on improving mental health of individuals. Body Image. 2011; 8(4), 419–422. [DOI:10.1016/j.bodyim.2011.05.007]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

Write the security code in the box >

XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mahmoodi H, Soleymani E. Prediction of psychological well-being based on empathy and self-compassion among nurses. مدیریت پرستاری. 2018; 6 (3 and 4) :78-87
URL: http://ijnv.ir/article-1-515-en.html

Volume 6, Issue 3 And 4 (2-2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه مدیریت پرستاری Quarterly Journal of Nursing Management
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3658